Imprint of the tyrannosaur track, according to which scientists are trying to determine the speed with which the animal moved
Giant reptiles The past is amazing. Small and large dinosaurs, flying dinosaurs, flying and floating – they were all amazing creatures. But if about the majority of dinosaurs an ordinary person is small, that he knows, if he heard anything at all, then everyone knows about tyrannosaurs. They were shown so many times in movies, cartoons, described in science fiction works, that probably among people of the Earth there are very few people who have not heard about this "king of dinosaurs".
In Hollywood films, tyrannosaurs are shown with special care. Muscular hind legs, large growth, huge teeth – from such a monster few can hide, it will overtake anyone. But, as it turned out, the films are somewhat different from reality. Paleontologists argue that tyrannosaurs were much slower than it is believed, so an ordinary healthy person could escape from the predator pursuing him. Provided that this ordinary person can run fast.
Initially, scientists calculated the maximum speed of movement of the tyrannosaurus, based on its muscle mass. If we consider, starting from this base, it turns out that the speed of the giant is about 30 km / h. Few can escape from this tank from the muscles and bones running at such a speed, right? But the other day a group of paleontologists presented corrected estimates, which are based not only on muscle mass, but also on the peculiarities of the structure of the T.Rex skeleton. As a result, the result was much more modest – 20 km / h at full speed. Yes, this is also a lot, but a person, meaning a completely healthy individual, could escape from the tyrannosaurus.
And given that many small reptiles ran faster than humans, the tyrannosaurus did not have such a large choice "Dishes". To catch up with small theropods, for example, he was not able to. Scientists say that if this giant decided to go to the trot, the legs under the weight of the body would simply be broken. "Tyrannosaurus is probably the most popular dinosaur of the whole family, so paleontologists have long argued about how fast it was. If we find out, we will understand what hunting methods were used by the tyrannosaurus and how it caught up with its victims, "said the head of the research group William Sellers.
Paleontologists study dinosaurs not only for remains, they also use modern technologies – for example, software platforms for recreating the appearance of dinosaurs and simulators of their movement. Just such a model and showed that tyrannosaurs could not run, because their skeleton, although quite strong, could not withstand the extra load when running. This means that the "King of the Dinosaurs" could only rely on luck when hunting for small reptiles. But not too fast large dinosaurs – suitable for tyrannosaurus mining.
Presumably, this is exactly what a tyrannosaur looked like
Paleontologists who performed motion simulation Tyrannosaurus, showed that not every man could escape from this dinosaur. In the same "Jurassic Park" this could be done by a few units of the characters in the film. Jeff Goldblum would definitely be a victim of the monster, if not hid in the car. Professor Stellers says that the older the tyrannosaurus was, the slower it became, as it got heavier and heavier. As he grew older, his methods of hunting had to change.
Confirmation of the model obtained by paleontologists could be obtained if scientists discovered a chain of tracks of a hurrying tyrannosaurus. Unfortunately, so far such chains have not been found. All that is – prints of the tyrannosaurus paws on the clay soil, once the former coast of the sea. On slippery clay huge predators to walk was not too convenient, not to mention running, and the prints were not very clear. Therefore, it is not necessary to talk about the possibility of estimating the speed of movement of a tyrannosaurus along such tracks. But, probably, in the future the necessary prints will be found and then the issue of speed of movement of live tanks will be put to the point.
By the way, apart from the current research, others were conducted. A separate group of paleontologists tried to understand how fast the tyrannosaurus was, leaving a distinct trail in the ground. As it turned out, this figure was 11 kilometers per hour. Of course, almost any person could escape from such a tyrannosaur. But do not forget that, perhaps, the animal in question was walking slowly, resting after a hearty breakfast, lunch or dinner.