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TOP-10: The deepest places of the Earth

        

TOP-10: The deepest places of the Earth

Now we approximately know the inner structure of our planet. The outer solid shell of the Earth is called the bark. It is less than 1% of the planet's mass and has a thickness of 5 to 70 kilometers. Next is the mantle (outer and inner), and then the core (outer and inner).

How close do you think the human being can fall to the core? Theoretically, we can in the future make devices capable of withstanding enormous loads and temperatures in order to get as close as possible to the core, but in practice we still have not got to the sites that are under the bark.

Let's see what the most The deepest places on the planet we know.

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10

Lake Zakaton

 The sunset. The deepest places of the Earth "width =" 800 "height =" 500 "class =" aligncenter size-full wp-image-17589 "/> </p>
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<p> Depth 319 meters </p>
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<p> ] The lake is the world's largest natural well, located in Central Mexico, with a depth of 319 meters and a diameter of about 100 meters, while a hole was found on one of the walls of the well, which may be the entrance to another, deeper "Well" or even to the system of deep underground caves. </p>
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Tagebau Hambach

[1945

The depth of 370 meters

] This is a coal mine, which is located in Elsdorf in Germany. It is considered the deepest open mine in the world. Its depth is about 370 meters, and the area is about 33.9 square kilometers. Near the quarry is an artificial hill, which was formed from a material selected from the quarry.

The hill has its own name Sophienhöhe and is the world's largest artificial hill. Its height is 301 meters.

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8

The Wellingdine Well

 The depth is 392 meters </p>
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<p> Let's start with A man-made feat that appeared in the English town of Woodingdean in 1862. It all began with the need for a water source in the construction of a new building in 1858. A decision was made to dig a well.To reduce the costs, the well was dug by the workers with their hands. Land for 122 meters, overlapping The walls of the well were bricked. </p>
<p> Workers descended into the well, and the excess land was raised by buckets to the surface.In 2 years of digging, the depth of the well exceeded the design by 12 meters, but there was no water, although this depth was Just below sea level. </p>
<p> Then it was decided at this depth to dig four horizontal shafts to get to the water. But it also did not yield any results. Then the organizers of the construction decided not to give up and at any cost get to the water. At the end of one of the horizontal shafts, they began to dig deeper. Two years later, in March 1862, the workers felt the earth begin to rise in the mine. People in a hurry began to rise to the surface. After 45 minutes, the water poured out. </p>
<p> This well is the deepest well in the world that was dug by hand. </p>
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Lake Baikal

 Baikal width = "800" height = "500" class = "aligncenter size-full wp-image-17592" </p>
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<p> The depth of 1642 meters </p>
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<p> Having reached a maximum depth of 1,642 meters, Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world .The lake is a treasure not only of Russia, but of the whole world, it is A natural reservoir for fresh fresh water. A feature of plants and animals that are unique. </p>
<p> It is also interesting that if all water from Baikal is divided equally among all citizens of Russia, then for each inhabitant there will be approximately 2780 railroad tank cars with 60 tons each. </p>
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The Cave of Cruber

 The Cave of Cruber "width = "The depth of 2199 meters </p>
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<p> This is the deepest cave in the world located In Abkhazia not far from the city of Gagra. The cave has several entrances, located at an altitude above 2000 meters above sea level. It is a system of several wells, which are connected by lazes and galleries. Inside there are several high plumb bobs, the deepest of which are 110, 115 and 152 meters. </p>
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] The Kidd mine

 The Kidd mine "width =" 800 "height =" 500 "class =" aligncenter size-full wp-image-17594 "/> </p>
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Depth 3048 meters

The deepest mine in the world is the Mpongor mine in South Africa, its depth is 4000 meters, but the mine, called Kidd Mine in Ontario, Canada, which is 3048 meters deep, is closer to The core of the Earth, than the mine of the Hopper, because our planet does not have an ideal shape Due to the rotation of the Earth in the equatorial part, the diameter is slightly larger than at the poles, the difference being about 140 kilometers, so the person standing on the equator is removed an average of 70 kilometers from the core further than the person standing on the pole .

The Kidd mine was discovered in 1964 as an open cut and gradually expanded underground. Now it is the largest copper mine in the world. It employs 2,200 workers and produces millions of tons of ore per year.

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4

Litke Gorge

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 Litke. The deepest places in the Earth "width =" 800 "height =" 500 "class =" aligncenter size-full wp-image-17595 "/> </p>
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<p> Depth 5449 meters </p>
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<p> ] The Litke Gorge (Litke Chute) is an oceanic trough located northeast of Greenland, 350 km north of Spitsbergen, in the Eurasian Basin in the Arctic Ocean, the deepest point in the Arctic Ocean, its depth of 5449 meters. </p>
<p> The gorge was found and explored by the Soviet expedition on the icebreaker Fedor Litke in 1955. </p>
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Depressions Milwaukee

 The Milwaukee Passage "Depth of 8385 Meters </p>
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<p> Depth of 8385 Meters </p>
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<p> Milwaukee Trough is the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean. Its maximum depth is 8385 meters. The place is named after the American cruiser, who discovered it in 1939. </p>
<p> The Milwaukee Depression is in the Puerto Rican trench, which is located on the border of two lithospheric plates. The Caribbean plate moves to the east, and the North American to the west. </p>
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The Challenger's Abyss

The depth of 10994 meters

The first five of the deepest sea depressions in the world include depressions located in the Pacific Ocean, and the most famous of them is the Mariana Trench, with a maximum depth of 10,994 meters (Challenger's Abyss).

The cavity originated from the Mariana Islands, finding The depression is 1500 km long, they have a standard V-shaped profile.The bottom of the hollow is flat, with a width of 1 to 5 km.

The water pressure at the bottom of the Challenger Abyss is 108600 Pa, this is 1100 times higher than the atmospheric Pressure on the surface of the Earth.The people twice sank to the bottom of the Mariana Trench. The first dive was carried out in 1960 by the researcher Jacques Picard and the US Navy, Don Walsh. Their bathyscaphe "Trieste" had a wall thickness of 127 millimeters to resist the monstrous pressure. The second time at the bottom of the hollow was the famous director James Cameron in 2012. He immersed himself in the Challenger's Abyss on a single-seater Deepsea Challenger deep-sea vehicle. During the dive, he took filming in 3D format.

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The Kola Superdeep Borehole

The depth of 12262 meters

The length of the field of view of the Earth's surface,

This is the deepest man-made place on Earth, it is located in the Murmansk region near the city of Zapolyarny.

The work on the beginning of drilling was timed to coincide with the centenary of the birth of VI Lenin in 1970 In contrast to others, this well was drilled The site was chosen especially where the thickness of the earth's crust is supposedly the most thin.

Drilling was going on up to 7000 meters in normal mode, the drill passed through a uniform granite layer of the lithospheric plate. Less dense, crumbling, jammed equipment. It was necessary to change the angles of drilling a little.

After 13 years in 1983, drillers reached the level of 12066 meters and stopped. But after the resumption of drilling, there was a break in the drill string. Drilling had to start anew from a depth of 7000 meters. By 1990, the bury crossed the mark of 12262 meters and the accident was repeated. Then, for financial reasons, the project had to be frozen, and in 2008 the project "Kola Superdeep Well" was finally abandoned.

I really want to believe that Russian science will turn its face to this project. He has many perspectives. The lion's part of the work has already been accomplished, and in order to revive the project several million rubles are required, the amount of lifting is for a country with high scientific ambitions.

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Conclusion

This was an article about the deepest places on Earth. We hope that you learned something new and interesting from us. Thank you for your attention!